Naypyidaw (officially called Nay Pyi Taw and Naypyitaw) has become the capital city of Myanmar since 6th November 2005. This is amongst the best attractions that one should always see in Myanmar, and if you are on the quest for the “Royal City of the Sun,” then it is Naypyidaw.
About Naypyidaw in Myanmar
Naypyidaw is the capital city of Myanmar today, located next to Pyinmana. In November 2005, the Burmese government officially decided to move the country capital from Yangon (or Rangoon) to Naypyidaw (its acronym is NPT). At that time, most of the city was still under construction, and as time passes, Naypyidaw is competent enough to hold up various world-class events such as the 24th and 25th ASEAN Summit, the 2013 Southeast Asian Games. Regarding the name of this capital city, in Burmese, it means “Royal City of the Sun.” Most of Burma custom tours to this city include the highlights namely Myoma Market, Naypyidaw Zoological Garden, Safari Park, and Uppatasanti (or Peace Pagoda).Besides, Naypyidaw is blessed with mountain ranges for the magnificent look and the spacious boulevards for smooth transportation.
History of Naypyidaw
Naypyidaw was established in the area full of shrubs, around 3km to the west of Pyinmana, and 320km to the north of Yangon. The city was initially erected in 2002. The Burmese military government began to move the governmental offices from Yangon to Naypyidaw on November 6th, 2005 in the propitious time (at 6:37 AM) calculated by the top astrologers. 5 days later, at 11:00 AM on 11th November, the second group including 1.100 military trucks moved out of Yangon. People used to hope that the government would completely move the apartments to the new capital. However, the hasty movement raised lots of issues of accommodation and education. On March 27th, 2006, more than 12.000 soldiers parade in the new capital that commemorate the first significant public event: the commemoration of Myanmar fight in 1954 against Japan. Such parade included the three sculptures of the three most important Burmese Kings in the history: Anawrahta, Bayinnaung, and Alaunpaya.
What to See in Naypyidaw
Whenever asking what Naypyidaw has for tourism, the answer should always include Uppatasanti Pagoda. It is the 325-feet-high pagoda consecrated on March 9th, 2009. The pagoda is extraordinary with the valuable religious relics such as the image of Maha Hsutaungpyae Buddha, the 4 jade Buddha statues in the cave of the pagoda, bird-shaped statues, Bo Tree Gardens with the Maha Bo tree, and more. Every trait in Uppatasanti Pagoda is revered and impressive enough to convince the visitors of its holiness, tranquility, and significance. The pagoda is where to witness the ceremonies ofconferring the honorable religious titles on the outstanding monks.
Naypyidaw Safari Park
This is the most impressive wildlife park in Naypyidaw. It was first constructed in November 2010. It includes the area of 14.2ha Asian safari, 1.43 Australian safari, and 24.14h African safari. Obviously, Naypyidaw Safari Park is where to find some of the fullest safaris on this earth. In particular, the Asian safari has more than 100 rare animals such as the wild oxen, various kind of deer, or sambur. Also, while Australian safari allows you to see some different kinds of leopards, the African safari gives opportunities to meet the African deer, goat, lion, giraffe, zebra, camel, etc. The most recommended option to enjoy the wildlife here is to use the buggy so that you move around the big park easily and safely.
Central Railway Station
The Central Railway Station in Naypyidaw is one of the biggest rail stations in Myanmar. It is included in the railway network to reach the Upper Myanmar, together with the railways in Mandalay and Shwebo. The current station was designed in the Burmese architecture, and it has become the big landmark in Naypyidaw. The visit to this historical and interesting Central Railway Station lets you get a feel for the traditional Myanmar architecture and transportation vibe.
This religious site was erected in 2005 and has been ranked as the landmark in Naypyidaw. Dartuzaya Pagoda itself is eye-catching and sacred that attractive a huge number of local pilgrims to do homage there. Besides, there are lots of auspicious religious rituals held in the pagoda complex on a regular basis. It is believed that such promising ceremonies bring luck and wealth to the participants. The auspicious belief in Dartuzaya Pagoda remains as time passes, and you are always recommended to visit it at least once.
This museum was constructed in the extensive area of Zabuthri Township in Naypyidaw. The Gem Museum is where to see the jewels as ruby and sapphire. Particularly, the spacious upstairs were adorned with the modern decorations and the big wall glasses for the captivating look. As you might know, Myanmar is famous for the high-quality jade and pearl; and they are put on display right in this Gem Museum. Its opening hours are from 9:30 AM to 4:00 PM, except Monday and governmental holidays.
Hlay Khwin Taung Pagoda
This pagoda functions as both the religious venue and the historical attraction. Just drive around 30 minutes from Naypyidaw, you can reach the Hlay Khwin Taung Pagoda right in Pyinmana. Along the drive, expect to feast the eyes with numerous impressive teak trees and the picturesque rice fields. The scenery can urge you to bring out the camera and take the fantastic shots! Then, you reach the pagoda on a 700m-high hillock: Hlay Khwin Taung Pagoda! The available stairways make it easier to climb, and all travelers use them.
Myanmar Traditional Performing Arts Competition
This is the great cultural highlight in October in Myanmar. That said, the Myanmar Traditional Performing Arts Competition has been operated annually since 1993. It is about the competitions about the Myanmar traditional performing arts, and the purpose is to promote or preserve the nation’s cultural heritage for the national identity. Normally, the competitions include the 5 subjects: singing, dancing, song composition, music, and marionette performance. The restoration of this cultural heritage in Myanmar leaves the positive effect on the young generations. Once they are aware of the national cultural value, they feel proud and try to protect it. If possible, don’t miss this event in October!
Naypyidaw Myoma Market
This is the focal market in Naypyidaw. The trading areas including around 250 shops and other 400 greengrocers that are behind the business sectors. Fundamentally, Myoma Market was opened for business in May 2006, and since then, more and more shops were erected in December 2016. So, the travelers today appreciate the relaxing time they have in Myoma Market where to watch the Burmese local lifestyle and trading customs. Besides, there stand out various buildings for sightseeing, the friendly locals to interact, and the appetizing food to try. “Mohinga” (noodle with fish soup) is the iconic cuisine to enjoy there!
How to Get to Naypyidaw
The tourists can have international flights to Yangon International Airport and Mandalay International Airport. Then, there are several domestic flights to the capital Naypyidaw. From the Naypyidaw Airport, it takes around 30 minutes driving to the major hotel zones as well as the government offices and ministries. Please note that there are no public means of transport in Naypyidaw!
When to Visit Naypyidaw
November – Februaryis the best time to visit Naypyidaw when the temperature is pleasant, which is ideal for outdoor events and games. Nonetheless, please protect your skin with the proper protection cream during the daytime, and then it gets cool at night.